• 移动WEB开发常用技巧


    Meta设置

    <!-- 设备宽度、禁止缩放 -->
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0, maximum-scale=1.0, user-scalable=no" />
    
    <!-- 是否删除苹果工具栏和菜单栏(yes/no) -->
    <meta name="apple-mobile-web-app-capable" content="yes" />
    
    <!-- 苹果顶部导航栏颜色(default/black/black-translucent) -->
    <meta name="apple-mobile-web-app-status-bar-style" content="black" />
    
    <!-- 忽略识别电话号码 -->
    <meta name="format-detection" content="telephone=no" />
    
    <!-- 忽略识别邮箱 -->
    <meta name="format-detection" content="email=no" />
    
    <!-- 启用360浏览器的极速模式(webkit) -->
    <meta name="renderer" content="webkit" />
    
    <!-- 避免IE使用兼容模式 -->
    <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge" />
    
    <!-- 针对手持设备优化,主要是针对一些老的不识别viewport的浏览器,比如黑莓 -->
    <meta name="HandheldFriendly" content="true" />
    
    <!-- 微软的老式浏览器 -->
    <meta name="MobileOptimized" content="320" />
    
    <!-- uc强制竖屏 -->
    <meta name="screen-orientation" content="portrait" />
    
    <!-- QQ强制竖屏 -->
    <meta name="x5-orientation" content="portrait" />
    
    <!-- UC强制全屏 -->
    <meta name="full-screen" content="yes" />
    
    <!-- QQ强制全屏 -->
    <meta name="x5-fullscreen" content="true" />
    
    <!-- UC应用模式 -->
    <meta name="browsermode" content="application" />
    
    <!-- QQ应用模式 -->
    <meta name="x5-page-mode" content="app" />
    
    <!-- windows phone 点击无高光 -->
    <meta name="msapplication-tap-highlight" content="no" />

    Link设置

    <!-- 启动图标 -->
    <!-- rel添加 -precomposed 后缀表示不添加IOS高光特效 -->
    <link rel="apple-touch-icon" href="icon.png"> 
    <link rel="apple-touch-icon-precomposed" href="icon.png">  
    <!-- iPhone non-retina icon (iOS < 7) --> <link rel="apple-touch-icon" href="icon.png" sizes="57x57">

    <!-- iPad non-retina icon (iOS < 7) --> <link rel="apple-touch-icon" href="icon.png" sizes="72x72">

    <!-- iPad non-retina icon --> <link rel="apple-touch-icon" href="icon.png" sizes="76x76">

    <!-- iPhone retina icon (iOS < 7) --> <link rel="apple-touch-icon" href="icon.png" sizes="114x114">

    <!-- iPhone 6 Plus icon --> <link rel="apple-touch-icon" href="icon.png" sizes="120x120">

    <!-- iPad retina icon (iOS < 7) --> <link rel="apple-touch-icon" href="icon.png" sizes="144x144">

    <!-- iPad retina icon --> <link rel="apple-touch-icon" href="icon.png" sizes="152x152"> <!-- apple-touch-startup-image 启动画面 --> <link rel="apple-touch-startup-image" href="/startup.png">

    <!-- iPhone --> <link href="320x460.png" media="(device- 320px)" rel="apple-touch-startup-image" />

    <!-- iPhone Retina --> <link href="640x920.png" media="(device- 320px) and (-webkit-device-pixel-ratio: 2)" rel="apple-touch-startup-image" />

    <!-- iPad retina portrait --> <link href="1536x2008.png" media="(device- 768px) and (device-height: 1024px) and (-webkit-device-pixel-ratio: 2) and (orientation: portrait)" rel="apple-touch-startup-image">

    <!-- iPad retina landscape --> <link href="1496x2048.png" media="(device- 768px) and (device-height: 1024px) and (-webkit-device-pixel-ratio: 2) and (orientation: landscape)" rel="apple-touch-startup-image">

    <!-- iPad portrait --> <link href="768x1004.png" media="(device- 768px) and (device-height: 1024px) and (-webkit-device-pixel-ratio: 1) and (orientation: portrait)" rel="apple-touch-startup-image">
    <!-- iPad landscape --> <link href="748x1024.png" media="(device- 768px) and (device-height: 1024px) and (-webkit-device-pixel-ratio: 1) and (orientation: landscape)" rel="apple-touch-startup-image">

    <!-- iPhone 6 Plus portrait --> <link href="1242x2148.png" media="(device- 414px) and (device-height: 736px) and (-webkit-device-pixel-ratio: 3) and (orientation: portrait)" rel="apple-touch-startup-image">

    <!-- iPhone 6 Plus landscape --> <link href="1182x2208.png" media="(device- 414px) and (device-height: 736px) and (-webkit-device-pixel-ratio: 3) and (orientation: landscape)" rel="apple-touch-startup-image">

    <!-- iPhone 6 --> <link href="750x1294.png" media="(device- 375px) and (device-height: 667px) and (-webkit-device-pixel-ratio: 2)" rel="apple-touch-startup-image">

    <!-- iPhone 5 --> <link href="640x1096.png" media="(device- 320px) and (device-height: 568px) and (-webkit-device-pixel-ratio: 2)" rel="apple-touch-startup-image">

    <!-- iPhone < 5 retina --> <link href="640x920.png" media="(device- 320px) and (device-height: 480px) and (-webkit-device-pixel-ratio: 2)" rel="apple-touch-startup-image">

    <!-- iPhone < 5 --> <link href="320x460.png" media="(device- 320px) and (device-height: 480px) and (-webkit-device-pixel-ratio: 1)" rel="apple-touch-startup-image">

    电话/短信/Email/Android/GPS

    <!-- 电话 -->
    <a href="tel:10086">打电话</a>
    <a href="wtai://wp/mc;10086">打电话</a>
    <span onclick="location.href='tel:10086'">打电话</span>
    
    <!-- 短信 -->
    <a href="sms:10086">发短信</a>
    <a href="sms:10086?body=内容">发短信</a>
    <a href="sms:10086,10010?body=内容">发短信</a>
    
    <!-- Email -->
    <a href="mailto:a@qq.com">发邮件</a>
    <a href="mailto:a@qq.com,b@qq.com">发邮件</a>
    <a href="mailto:a@qq.com?subject=标题">发邮件</a>
    <a href="mailto:a@qq.com?subject=标题 mailto&cc=b@qq.com">发邮件</a>
    
    <!-- 安卓市场-->
    <a href="market://search?q=MyApp">MyApp</a>
    
    <!-- GPS -->
    <a href="geopoint:经度,纬度">我的位置</a>

    样式设置

    <!-- 在设置书签的时候可以显示好看的图标 -->
    <link rel=”apple-touch-icon” href=”iphon_tetris_icon.png”/>
    
    <!--  肖像模式样式 -->
    <link rel="stylesheet" media="all and (orientation:portrait)" href="portrait.css" />
    
    <!-- 风景模式样式 -->
    <link rel="stylesheet" media="all and (orientation:landscape)" href="landscape.css" /> 
    
    <!-- 竖屏时使用的样式 -->
    <style media="all and (orientation:portrait)"></style> 
    
    <!-- 横屏时使用的样式 -->
    <style media="all and (orientation:landscape)"></style> 

    app是否从主屏启动

    // IOS
    if( navigator.standalone === true ){}

    关闭IOS键盘自动大写

    autocapitalize="off"

    IOS禁止弹出菜单(长按a标签)/复制图片

    /* IOS */
    -webkit-touch-callout: none;

    IOS禁止用户选中文字

    /* IOS */
    -webkit-user-select: none;

    IOS中获取滚动条距离

    window.scrollX、window.scrollY

    解决盒子边框溢出

    -webkit-box-sizing: border-box;

    阻止旋转屏幕时字体大小自动调整

    -webkit-text-size-adjust:none;

    去除Android里a标签边框 

    -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0);

    设备像素比(设备物理像素/设备独立像素)

    if ( window.devicePixelRatio == 1) {}

    去除浏览器地址栏

    window.onload = function(){
       window.setTimeout(scrollTo, 0, 0, 0); 
    };

    阻止页面整体滚动

    document.body.addEventListener('touchmove', function(ev) {  
      ev.preventDefault();  
    }, false); 

    伪类 :active 生效

    // touchstart或touchend
    document.addEventListener('touchstart',function(){},false);

    去除IE10里input关闭图标

    input:-ms-clear { display:none; }

    Date支持placeholder

    <input placeholder="Date" type="text" onfocus="(this.type='date')"> 
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  • 原文地址:https://www.cnblogs.com/jununx/p/3626230.html
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