• nginx实现301(加密)跳转和200跳转


           我们用nginx实现301跳转,下面我们先讲一下实现的大概思想,首先我们用yum或者编译安装nginx,然后配置nginx的主配置文件的子文件,(在配置子文件的时候可以把默认文件先注释掉)配置好子文件之后重启nginx服务器。然后就可以去测试你想要的结果啦。(前提是把防火墙关掉,例如:selinux、firewalld、iptables等一切的环境)

    第一步:清理环境

    1:首先查看firewalld的状态

    # systemctl status friewalld

    没有关闭,要关闭firewalld

    systemctl disable firewalld

    2:查看selinux的状态

    # getenforce(显示enforcing是开启的状态,显示disable是关闭的状态)

    没有关闭则编辑vim /etc/selinux/conf

    把selinux=enforcing改成selinux=disabled(重启后生效)

    3:查看iptables的状态

    # systemctl status iptables

    把iptables的规则全部清理掉

    # iptables -F

    # iptables -F -t nat

    # iptables -F -t mangle

    之后把iptables关闭

    # systemctl stop iptables

    # systemctl disable iptables

    4:关闭networkmanager

    # systemctl status NetworkManager

    # systemctl stop NetworkManager

    # systemctl disable NetworkManager

    第二步yum安装nginx

    (首先要有epel源,下载epel源

    # yum install -y epel-release

    # yum makecache

    )然后就可以下载nginx服务了

    # yum install -y nginx

    启动nginx

    # systemctl start nginx

    第三步:配置nginx主配置文件

    # vim /etc/nginx/nginx.conf

     

    把include /etc/nginx/conf/*.conf下面的子文件都注释掉,按wq保存退出

          之后进入/etc/nginx.conf,编辑一个子文件

    例如:vim  1.conf

    编辑好之后保存退出。

    意思就是:当你访问192.168.213.133时,网页将会跳转到https://www.taobao.com

    第四步:测试

          用nginx -t 检查文件有没有编辑错误,再看一下80服务有没有开启,用losf -i:80判断无误之后, 重启服务systemctl restart nginx。然后就可以在网页上输入自己设定的IP加端口号进行访问了,这就实现了301加密跳转。

    实现200普通跳转

    步骤和上面的一样就是配置文件不一样,如果实现普通跳转,还要加一步,就是编写你要在网页访问到的内容

    # cd /var/www/html

    # vim 2.html

     编写您要的内容

    然后就可以在网页上访问啦。(在访问的时候一定要加后面的目录哦,例如:192.168.213.133/2.html)

     带有域名的301跳转  

     1)带有数据库有后台的网站实现301跳转判断

    例:域名是5773.com , 网站是vns_hb.com,网站放到/wz这个文件夹的目录下

    # vim 1.conf

      server {

        listen      80 ;
        server_name  5773.com www.5773.com;
        charset      utf-8;

       location / {

        root                 /wz/vns_hb.com;
        index               index.html index.htm index.php;
        }

        error_page  404 /404.html;
        location =  /40x.html {
        }
        error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
        location = /50x.html {
        }

        location ~ .php$ {
        root /wz/vns_hb.com;
        fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
        fastcgi_index index.php;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        include fastcgi_params;
        }
        }

    保存退出。

    重启一下nginx

    # systemctl   reload  nginx

    2)带有证书的网站实现301跳转的判断

    例:域名是1778.com ,网站是1778.com ,网站放到/wz文件夹的目录下

    # vim 1.conf

      server {
        listen 80 ;
        listen 443 ssl;
        server_name 1778.com www.1778.com;
        charset utf-8;
        index index.html;
        root /wz/1778.com;
        if ($scheme = http ) {
        return 301 https://$host$request_uri;
        }
        ssl_certificate_key /etc/nginx/conf/1778/Nginx/2_1778.com.key;
        ssl_certificate /etc/nginx/conf/1778/Nginx/1_1778.com_bundle.crt;

        # Load configuration files for the default server block.
        include /etc/nginx/default.d/*.conf;

        location / {
        }
        location ~ .php$ {
        root /wz/1778.com;
        fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
        fastcgi_index index.php;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        include fastcgi_params;
        }
        }

    保存退出

    重启一下nginx

    # systemctl reload nginx

    3)没有证书没有数据库,但是输入https还能正常跳转  

    例:域名是1655.com ,网站是1655.com , 存放网站目录是/wz

    # vim 1.conf

      server {
        listen 80 ;

        listen 443;
        server_name 1655.com www.1655.com;
        charset utf-8;
        #if ($scheme = https ) {
        return 301 http://$host$request_uri;
        #}

        location / {
        root /wz/1655.com;
        index index.html index.htm index.php;
        }

        error_page 404 /404.html;
        location = /40x.html {
        }
        error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
        location = /50x.html {
        }

        location ~ .php$ {
        root /wz/1655.com;
        fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
        fastcgi_index index.php;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        include fastcgi_params;
        }
        }

     保存退出。

    重启一下nginx

    # systemctl reload nginx

    4)实现多域名跳转

    例:域名7788110.com~7788511.cc等域名 ,网站是7788990.com , 网站目录/wz

    # vim 1.conf

      server {

        listen  80;

        listen  443;

        charset  utf8;

        server_name 7788110.com www.7788110.com 7788220.com www.7788220.com 7788330.com www.7788330.com 7788440.com www.7788440.com 7788550.com www.7788550.com 7788660.com www.7788660.com 7788770.com www.7788770.com 7788880.cocm www.7788880.com 7788210.net www.7788210.net 7788660.net www.7788660.net 7788511.cc www.7788511.cc;

        root  /wz/7788990.com;

        index  index.html index.htm index.php;   

        # if ($server_port = 80 ) {
        return 301 https://www.7788990.com$request_uri;
        rewrite ^/[0-9a-zA-Z]+$ https://www.7788990.com/ break;
        # }

        # Load configuration files for the default server block.
        include /etc/nginx/default.d/*.conf;

        location / {
        }
        location ~ .php$ {
        root /wz/7788990.com;
        fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
        fastcgi_index index.php;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        include fastcgi_params;
        }
        }

    保存退出。

    重启一下nginx

    # systemctl reload nginx

    5)实现用户输入域名后缀是ID和TYPE来访问网站实现301跳转

    例:域名chnnowm.com ,要跳转的网站是232xinyi.com , 

    # vim 1.conf

      server {

        listen  80;

        charset  utf8;

        server_name  chnnowm.com www.chnnowm.com;

        index  index.html index.htm;

        if ($arg_typ = 'xytb' ) {
        return 301 https://232xinyi.com:8888/Reqister?a=$arg_ID;
        }
          ssl_certificate_key /etc/nginx/conf/chnnowm.com/Nginx/2_chnnowm.com.key;
          ssl_certificate/etc/nginx/conf/chnnowm/Nginx/1_chnnowm.com_bundle.crt;

        include /etc/nginx/default.d/*.conf;

        location / {
        }
        location ~ .php$ {
        fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
        fastcgi_index index.php;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        include fastcgi_params;
        }
        }

    保存退出。

    重启一下nginx

    # systemctl reload nginx

    让问的时候直接域名+ID+TYPE(例如:https://www.chnnowm.com?ID=706787&type=xytb

     

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  • 原文地址:https://www.cnblogs.com/ping-7/p/7894843.html
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