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• # Day6

For the daily milking, Farmer John's N cows (1 ≤ N ≤ 50,000) always line up in the same order. One day Farmer John decides to organize a game of Ultimate Frisbee with some of the cows. To keep things simple, he will take a contiguous range of cows from the milking lineup to play the game. However, for all the cows to have fun they should not differ too much in height.

Farmer John has made a list of Q (1 ≤ Q ≤ 200,000) potential groups of cows and their heights (1 ≤ height ≤ 1,000,000). For each group, he wants your help to determine the difference in height between the shortest and the tallest cow in the group.

Input

Line 1: Two space-separated integers, N and Q.
Lines 2.. N+1: Line i+1 contains a single integer that is the height of cow i
Lines N+2.. NQ+1: Two integers A and B (1 ≤ A ≤ B ≤ N), representing the range of cows from A to B inclusive.

Output

Lines 1.. Q: Each line contains a single integer that is a response to a reply and indicates the difference in height between the tallest and shortest cow in the range.

Sample Input

```6 3
1
7
3
4
2
5
1 5
4 6
2 2```

Sample Output

```6
3
0思路:ST表板子题，ST[i][j]表示下表从i到i+2^j-1的最值，查询时，已知l与r，长度len=r-l+1,且2^log2(len)>len/2,令k=log2(len),ST[l][k]肯定超过了长度的一半，反向取后侧，r-m+1=2^len,另一侧就是ST[r-2^k+1][k]```
```const int maxm = 5e4+10;

int Max[maxm][20], Min[maxm][20], N, Q;

int main() {
scanf("%d%d", &N, &Q);
int t, l, r;
for(int i = 1; i <= N; ++i) {
scanf("%d", &t);
Max[i][0] = Min[i][0] = t;
}
for(int k = 1; (1<<k) <= N; ++k) {
for(int i = 1; i+(1<<k)-1 <= N; ++i) {
Max[i][k] = max(Max[i][k-1], Max[i+(1<<(k-1))][k-1]);
Min[i][k] = min(Min[i][k-1], Min[i+(1<<(k-1))][k-1]);
}
}
for(int i = 0; i < Q; ++i) {
scanf("%d%d", &l, &r);
int k = log((double)(r-l+1)) / log(2.0);
printf("%d
", max(Max[l][k],Max[r-(1<<k)+1][k]) - min(Min[l][k], Min[r-(1<<k)+1][k]));
}
return 0;
}```
View Code

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• 原文地址：https://www.cnblogs.com/GRedComeT/p/12198916.html