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  • appium 九宫格解锁招商银行手机客户端app

    之前研究了一段时间的appium for native app 相应的总结如下:

                                                   appium测试环境搭建 :http://www.cnblogs.com/tobecrazy/p/4562199.html

                        知乎Android客户端登陆:http://www.cnblogs.com/tobecrazy/p/4579631.html

                                                      appium实现截图和清空EditText:http://www.cnblogs.com/tobecrazy/p/4592405.html

                                                      appium 滑动处理:http://www.cnblogs.com/tobecrazy/p/4612133.html

    最近有人问我怎么使用web driver,所以特来研究一下:

                     appium for mobile web 之使用 ChromeDriver:http://www.cnblogs.com/tobecrazy/p/4836995.html

    今天搞一下appium实现手势解锁。 

    效果如下:

    首先看一下招行手机客户端app手势解锁的element,使用uiautomatorviewer看一下

     

     可以看出,该手势解锁共有9个 android.widget.ImageView 构成,使用findelements获取实际上九宫格类似

                         0   1   2

                         3   4   5

                         6   7   8

    如果实现九宫格解锁,就需要绘制解锁内容的手势,我在设置的手势是Z

    就是0->1->2->4->6->7->8


    第一步,使用appium(Android Studio)解析apk包,获取到package和activity

    我的PC OS是win 10  ,appium 也是最新的1.4.x,很诡异的是只能获取到package 却获取不到activity。 这里有一个小小的tricky
    自从有了Android studio 1.4 ,可以使用Android studio 获取到package 和launch activity
    不再详解

    第二步,代码实现

    接下来,show time,上code.
    package com.dbyl.core;
    
    import org.apache.commons.io.FileUtils;
    import org.openqa.selenium.By;
    import org.openqa.selenium.OutputType;
    import org.openqa.selenium.TakesScreenshot;
    import org.openqa.selenium.WebElement;
    import org.openqa.selenium.remote.CapabilityType;
    import org.openqa.selenium.remote.DesiredCapabilities;
    import org.testng.annotations.AfterClass;
    import org.testng.annotations.BeforeMethod;
    import org.testng.annotations.Test;
    
    import io.appium.java_client.MobileDriver;
    import io.appium.java_client.TouchAction;
    import io.appium.java_client.android.AndroidDriver;
    
    import java.io.File;
    import java.io.IOException;
    import java.net.URL;
    import java.util.List;
    import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
    
    public class slideToUnlock {
        private MobileDriver driver;
    
         
    
        @BeforeMethod(alwaysRun = true)
        public void setUp() throws Exception {
            // set up appium
    
            DesiredCapabilities capabilities = new DesiredCapabilities();
            capabilities.setCapability(CapabilityType.BROWSER_NAME, "");
            capabilities.setCapability("platformName", "Android");
            capabilities.setCapability("deviceName", "Android Emulator");
            capabilities.setCapability("platformVersion", "5.1");
            // if no need install don't add this
            capabilities.setCapability("appPackage", "cmb.pb");
            // no need sign
            capabilities.setCapability("noSign", "True");
            capabilities.setCapability("appActivity", ".ui.PBInitActivity");
            driver = new AndroidDriver<WebElement>(new URL(
                    "http://127.0.0.1:4723/wd/hub"), capabilities);
    
        }
    
        @Test(groups = "swipeTest", priority = 1)
        public void swipeTest() {
    
            driver.manage().timeouts().implicitlyWait(30, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
            // swipe to right
            System.out.println(driver.getPageSource());
            // swipeToRight(driver, 2000);
    
            driver.manage().timeouts().implicitlyWait(30, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
            driver.findElement(By.id("cmb.pb:id/item_funcIcon")).click();
            driver.manage().timeouts().implicitlyWait(30, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
    
            List<WebElement> pic = driver
                    .findElements(By
                            .xpath("//android.widget.FrameLayout/android.widget.ImageView"));
            for (int i = 0; i < pic.size(); i++) {
                System.out.println(pic.size());
                pic.get(i).click();
            }
    
            final TouchAction touchAction = new TouchAction(driver);
            touchAction.press(pic.get(0)).waitAction(1500).moveTo(pic.get(1))
                    .moveTo(pic.get(2)).moveTo(pic.get(4)).moveTo(pic.get(6))
                    .moveTo(pic.get(7)).moveTo(pic.get(8)).release();
            touchAction.perform();
            String username = driver.findElement(By.id("cmb.pb:id/gTvMenuTitle"))
                    .getText();
            System.out.println(username);
        }
    
        @AfterClass(alwaysRun = true)
        public void tearDown() throws Exception {
            driver.quit();
        }
    
        /**
         * This Method create for take screenshot
         * 
         * @author Young
         * @param drivername
         * @param filename
         */
        public static void snapshot(TakesScreenshot drivername, String filename) {
            // this method will take screen shot ,require two parameters ,one is
            // driver name, another is file name
    
            String currentPath = System.getProperty("user.dir"); // get current work
                                                                    // folder
            File scrFile = drivername.getScreenshotAs(OutputType.FILE);
            // Now you can do whatever you need to do with it, for example copy
            // somewhere
            try {
                System.out.println("save snapshot path is:" + currentPath + "/"
                        + filename);
                FileUtils
                        .copyFile(scrFile, new File(currentPath + "\" + filename));
            } catch (IOException e) {
                System.out.println("Can't save screenshot");
                e.printStackTrace();
            } finally {
                System.out.println("screen shot finished, it's in " + currentPath
                        + " folder");
            }
        }
    
        public void swipeToRight(MobileDriver driver, int during) {
            int width = driver.manage().window().getSize().width;
            int height = driver.manage().window().getSize().height;
            driver.swipe(width / 4, height / 2, width * 5 / 6, height / 2, during);
            // wait for page loading
        }
    
        @AfterClass(alwaysRun = true)
        public void stopAppiumServer() {
    
        }
    }
    九宫格解锁核心部分就是使用TouchAction,类似重构swipe方法
    appium 自带的swipe方法如下
        /**
         * @see TouchShortcuts#swipe(int, int, int, int, int)
         */
        @Override
        public void swipe(int startx, int starty, int endx, int endy, int duration) {
            TouchAction touchAction = new TouchAction(this);
    
            // appium converts press-wait-moveto-release to a swipe action
            touchAction.press(startx, starty).waitAction(duration)
                    .moveTo(endx, endy).release();
    
            touchAction.perform();
        }

    使用这个原理就能实现滑动,九宫格滑动解锁.

    那么问题就来了,我是使用的是moveTo传入的是WebElement,而swipe是使用的X,Y坐标。

    由于不同的app使用的九宫格并不同,有app使用的和招行app不同的,不能是单个的imageView,该怎么实现?

    由于对坐标的滑动还没完全理解,所以接下来会继续研究。

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  • 原文地址:https://www.cnblogs.com/tobecrazy/p/4881390.html
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