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• # HDU 3947 Assign the task

http://acm.hdu.edu.cn/showproblem.php?pid=3974

Problem Description
There is a company that has N employees(numbered from 1 to N),every employee in the company has a immediate boss (except for the leader of whole company).If you are the immediate boss of someone,that person is your subordinate, and all his subordinates are your subordinates as well. If you are nobody's boss, then you have no subordinates,the employee who has no immediate boss is the leader of whole company.So it means the N employees form a tree.

The company usually assigns some tasks to some employees to finish.When a task is assigned to someone,He/She will assigned it to all his/her subordinates.In other words,the person and all his/her subordinates received a task in the same time. Furthermore,whenever a employee received a task,he/she will stop the current task(if he/she has) and start the new one.

Write a program that will help in figuring out some employee’s current task after the company assign some tasks to some employee.

Input
The first line contains a single positive integer T( T <= 10 ), indicates the number of test cases.

For each test case:

The first line contains an integer N (N ≤ 50,000) , which is the number of the employees.

The following N - 1 lines each contain two integers u and v, which means the employee v is the immediate boss of employee u(1<=u,v<=N).

The next line contains an integer M (M ≤ 50,000).

The following M lines each contain a message which is either

"C x" which means an inquiry for the current task of employee x

or

"T x y"which means the company assign task y to employee x.

(1<=x<=N,0<=y<=10^9)

Output
For each test case, print the test case number (beginning with 1) in the first line and then for every inquiry, output the correspond answer per line.

Sample Input
1 5 4 3 3 2 1 3 5 2 5 C 3 T 2 1 C 3 T 3 2 C 3

Sample Output
Case #1: -1 1 2

代码：

```#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;

const int maxn = 1e5 + 10;
int T, N;
int cnt, tot;
int st[maxn], en[maxn];
bool used[maxn];

struct Edge {
int to, nx;
}edge[maxn];

struct Node {
int val;
int l, r;
int lazy;
}node[maxn * 4];

void init() {
cnt = 0;
tot = 0;
}

void addedge(int u, int v) {
edge[tot].to = v;
}

void dfs(int u) {
cnt ++;
st[u] = cnt;
for(int i = head[u]; i != -1; i = edge[i].nx)
dfs(edge[i].to);
en[u] = cnt;
}

void Update_Same (int r, int v) {
if(r) {
node[r].val = v;
node[r].lazy = 1;
}
}

void push_down(int r) {
if(node[r].lazy) {
Update_Same(r * 2, node[r].val);
Update_Same(r * 2 + 1, node[r].val);
node[r].lazy = 0;
}
}

void Build(int i, int l, int r) {
node[i].l = l;
node[i].r = r;
node[i].val = -1;
node[i].lazy = 0;
if(l == r) return ;
int mid = (l + r) / 2;
Build(i * 2, l, mid);
Build(i * 2 + 1, mid + 1, r);
}

void update(int i, int l, int r, int v) {
if(node[i].l == l && node[i].r == r) {
Update_Same(i, v);
return;
}
push_down(i);
int mid = (node[i].l + node[i].r) / 2;
if(r <= mid) update(i * 2, l, r, v);
else if(l > mid) update(i * 2 + 1, l, r, v);
else {
update(i * 2, l, mid, v);
update(i * 2 + 1, mid + 1, r, v);
}
}

int query(int i, int u) {
if(node[i].l == u && node[i].r == u)
return node[i].val;
push_down(i);
int mid = (node[i].l + node[i].r) / 2;
if(u <= mid) return query(i * 2, u);
else return query(i * 2 + 1, u);
}

int main() {
scanf("%d", &T);
for(int t = 1; t <= T; t ++) {
printf("Case #%d:
", t);
int u, v;
memset(used, false, sizeof(used));
init();
scanf("%d", &N);
for(int i = 1; i < N; i ++) {
scanf("%d%d", &u, &v);
used[u] = true;
}
for(int i = 1; i <= N; i ++) {
if(!used[i]) {
dfs(i);
break;
}
}
Build(1, 1, cnt);
char op[10];
int M;
scanf("%d", &M);
while(M --) {
scanf("%s", op);
if(op[0] == 'C') {
scanf("%d", &u);
printf("%d
", query(1, st[u]));
} else {
scanf("%d%d", &u, &v);
update(1, st[u], en[u], v);
}
}
}
return 0;
}
```

线段树 模板题 链表存图 区间修改单点查询 今天小目标之一把这个搞清楚可以自己写粗来

何生枷锁

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• 原文地址：https://www.cnblogs.com/zlrrrr/p/10682631.html