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  • 物流即时查询功能-邮政快递

    今天我们来聊如何利用快递鸟提供的接口来查询邮政快递的物流轨迹。

    讲解之前我们来看一下,接口完成以后的实际显示效果

    以下是产品应用截图,调用快递鸟接口获得的轨迹信息:

     

    实际上快递鸟返回的报文信息会更详细,在给客户展示的信息可根据产品需要来封装返回轨迹信息。

    现在我们来聊一聊具体实现!

    首先我们准备好需要用到的资源,

    测试商户ID:

    test1617571

     

    测试API key:

    554343b2-7252-439b-b4eb-1af42c8f2175(此Key仅限测试环境使用)

     

    API测试地址:

    http://sandboxapi.kdniao.com:8080/kdniaosandbox/gateway/exterfaceInvoke.json

    我以C#开发为例来讲解

    如果还没有注册快递鸟,或者还不知道如何获取API Key,可以访问这个腾讯视频教程:

    https://v.qq.com/x/page/z3068yfw0fl.html(注册登陆获取快递鸟API Key)

    接下来,我们讲解一下请求参数

    请求系统级参数说明:

     

    备注:R-必填(Required),O-可选(Optional),C-报文中该参数在一定条件下可选(Conditional)

    这里提到了系统级参数,也相当于是公用参数,这些参数是调用每个接口都是必须要传参的。

    接口参数:

     

    接口参数,也叫业务参数,请求的业务接口不同,参数的字段,内容也不同,是跟着业务变化的,这里我们实现的是即时查询接口,请求指令类型:1002,快递鸟官网要求必须传递快递公司编码和物流单号 ,邮政快递的编码是YZPY

    如要查看其他快递公司的编码,点击此链接:

    http://www.kdniao.com/documents

    正如我前面的轨迹截图,邮政快递的编码是YZPY,物流单号是9861545869525

    业务参数报文组合如下:

    {'OrderCode':'','ShipperCode':'YZPY','LogisticCode':'9861545869525'}

    请求的完整报文(URL编码以后):

    RequestData=%0d%0a++++++++++++%7b%27OrderCode%27%3a%27%27%2c%27ShipperCode%27%3a%27YZPY%27%2c%27LogisticCode%27%3a%279861545869525%27%7d%0d%0a++++++++&EBusinessID=1264783&RequestType=1002&DataSign=MjQ2YWZiMTU1Mzc5YmFiMTFkMWYyYjI3YTliMjRkYmU%3d&DataType=2

    未编码的请求报文:

    RequestData=

                {'OrderCode':'','ShipperCode':'YZPY','LogisticCode':'9861545869525'}

            &EBusinessID=1264783&RequestType=1002&DataSign=MjQ2YWZiMTU1Mzc5YmFiMTFkMWYyYjI3YTliMjRkYmU=&DataType=2

    返回的报文信息:

    { "LogisticCode" : "9861545869525", "ShipperCode" : "YZPY", "Traces" : [ { "AcceptStation" : "【邮政仙居包快部】已收件,揽投员:周峰,电话:18358689325", "AcceptTime" : "2020-02-19 16:10:29" }, { "AcceptStation" : "离开【邮政仙居包快部】,下一站【仙居中心】", "AcceptTime" : "2020-02-19 16:10:33" }, { "AcceptStation" : "到达【浙江仙居县处理中心】", "AcceptTime" : "2020-02-19 16:10:34" }, { "AcceptStation" : "离开【浙江仙居县处理中心】,下一站【台州中心局邮件处理中心】", "AcceptTime" : "2020-02-21 11:13:33" } ], "State" : "2", "EBusinessID" : "1264783", "Success" : true }

    C#关键代码:

    /// <summary>

        /// 即时查询物流轨迹

        /// </summary>

        /// <param name="url">http://sandboxapi.kdniao.com:8080/kdniaosandbox/gateway/exterfaceInvoke.json</param>

        /// <param name="eBusinessID">test1617571</param>

        /// <param name="appKey">554343b2-7252-439b-b4eb-1af42c8f2175</param>

        /// <param name="requestData">{'OrderCode':'','ShipperCode':'ZTO','LogisticCode':'78120038107849'}</param>

        /// <returns></returns>

        public string getOrderTracesByJson(string url,string eBusinessID, string appKey, string requestData)

        {

         

            Dictionary<string, string> param = new Dictionary<string, string>();

            param.Add("RequestData", HttpUtility.UrlEncode(requestData, Encoding.UTF8));

            param.Add("EBusinessID", eBusinessID);

            param.Add("RequestType", "1002");

            string dataSign = encrypt(requestData, appKey, "UTF-8");

            param.Add("DataSign", HttpUtility.UrlEncode(dataSign, Encoding.UTF8));

            param.Add("DataType", "2");

            string result = sendPost(url, param);

            return result;

        }

        /// <summary>

        /// Post方式提交数据,返回网页的源代码

        /// </summary>

        /// <param name="url">发送请求的 URL</param>

        /// <param name="param">请求的参数集合</param>

        /// <returns>远程资源的响应结果</returns>

        private string sendPost(string url, Dictionary<string, string> param)

        {

            string result = "";

            StringBuilder postData = new StringBuilder();

            if (param != null && param.Count > 0)

            {

                foreach (var p in param)

                {

                    if (postData.Length > 0)

                    {

                        postData.Append("&");

                    }

                    postData.Append(p.Key);

                    postData.Append("=");

                    postData.Append(p.Value);

                }

            }

           // return postData.ToString();

            byte[] byteData = Encoding.GetEncoding("UTF-8").GetBytes(postData.ToString());

            try

            {

                HttpWebRequest request = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(url);

                request.ContentType = "application/x-www-form-urlencoded";

                request.Referer = url;

                request.Accept = "*/*";

                request.Timeout = 30 * 1000;

                request.UserAgent = "Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 6.0; Windows NT 5.1; SV1; .NET CLR 2.0.50727; .NET CLR 3.0.04506.648; .NET CLR 3.0.4506.2152; .NET CLR 3.5.30729)";

                request.Method = "POST";

                request.ContentLength = byteData.Length;

                Stream stream = request.GetRequestStream();

                stream.Write(byteData, 0, byteData.Length);

                stream.Flush();

                stream.Close();

                HttpWebResponse response = (HttpWebResponse)request.GetResponse();

                Stream backStream = response.GetResponseStream();

                StreamReader sr = new StreamReader(backStream, Encoding.GetEncoding("UTF-8"));

                result = sr.ReadToEnd();

                sr.Close();

                backStream.Close();

                response.Close();

                request.Abort();

            }

            catch (Exception ex)

            {

                result = ex.Message;

            }

            return result;

        }

     

    ///<summary>

        ///电商Sign签名

        ///</summary>

        ///<param name="content">内容</param>

        ///<param name="keyValue">Appkey</param>

        ///<param name="charset">URL编码 </param>

        ///<returns>DataSign签名</returns>

        private string encrypt(String content, String keyValue, String charset)

        {

            if (keyValue != null)

            {

                return base64(MD5(content + keyValue, charset), charset);

            }

            return base64(MD5(content, charset), charset);

        }

     

        ///<summary>

        /// 字符串MD5加密

        ///</summary>

        ///<param name="str">要加密的字符串</param>

        ///<param name="charset">编码方式</param>

        ///<returns>密文</returns>

        private string MD5(string str, string charset)

        {

            byte[] buffer = System.Text.Encoding.GetEncoding(charset).GetBytes(str);

            try

            {

                System.Security.Cryptography.MD5CryptoServiceProvider check;

                check = new System.Security.Cryptography.MD5CryptoServiceProvider();

                byte[] somme = check.ComputeHash(buffer);

                string ret = "";

                foreach (byte a in somme)

                {

                    if (a < 16)

                        ret += "0" + a.ToString("X");

                    else

                        ret += a.ToString("X");

                }

                return ret.ToLower();

            }

            catch

            {

                throw;

            }

        }

     

     

       /// <summary>

        /// base64编码

        /// </summary>

        /// <param name="str">内容</param>

        /// <param name="charset">编码方式</param>

        /// <returns></returns>

        private string base64(String str, String charset)

        {

            return Convert.ToBase64String(System.Text.Encoding.GetEncoding(charset).GetBytes(str));

        }

    附上详细的接口文档给大家:

    http://www.kdniao.com/documents

    在项目要发布生产环境时,调用正式的API,快递鸟会检查我们是否有实名认证,如果没有实名认证,是无法调用接口的。

    腾讯视频教程:https://v.qq.com/x/page/g3068jcoras.html(如何快速通过实名认证)

    提供源码下载:

    https://download.csdn.net/download/yanghanwen/12139326

     

    调用第三方物流接口,替换自己的key就能直接使用,主要实现了物流在线轨迹查询,订单订阅,轨迹推送,支持500多家的快递查询接口,包括主流的四通一达,支持上门取件服务,其他接口调用,修改调用指令和参数就能实现。

    演示截图:

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  • 原文地址:https://www.cnblogs.com/51api/p/12341210.html
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