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  • CentOS7.X中设置nginx和php-fpm的开机自启动

    一、设置nginx的开机自启动方法

    1.在/etc/init.d/目录下创建nginx文件

    vi /etc/init.d/nginx

    编写内容如下:

    #!/bin/sh
    #
    # nginx - this script starts and stops the nginx daemon
    #
    # chkconfig:   - 85 15
    # description:  NGINX is an HTTP(S) server, HTTP(S) reverse 
    #               proxy and IMAP/POP3 proxy server
    # processname: nginx
    # config:      /usr/local/nginx/nginx.conf
    # config:      /etc/sysconfig/nginx
    # pidfile:     /usr/local/nginx/nginx.pid
    
    # Source function library.
    . /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions
    
    # Source networking configuration.
    . /etc/sysconfig/network
    
    # Check that networking is up.
    [ "$NETWORKING" = "no" ] && exit 0
    
    nginx="/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx"
    prog=$(basename $nginx)
    
    NGINX_CONF_FILE="/usr/local/nginx/nginx.conf"
    
    [ -f /etc/sysconfig/nginx ] && . /etc/sysconfig/nginx
    
    lockfile=/var/lock/subsys/nginx
    
    make_dirs() {
       # make required directories
       user=`$nginx -V 2>&1 | grep "configure arguments:.*--user=" | sed 's/[^*]*--user=([^ ]*).*/1/g' -`
       if [ -n "$user" ]; then
          if [ -z "`grep $user /etc/passwd`" ]; then
             useradd -M -s /bin/nologin $user
          fi
          options=`$nginx -V 2>&1 | grep 'configure arguments:'`
          for opt in $options; do
              if [ `echo $opt | grep '.*-temp-path'` ]; then
                  value=`echo $opt | cut -d "=" -f 2`
                  if [ ! -d "$value" ]; then
                      # echo "creating" $value
                      mkdir -p $value && chown -R $user $value
                  fi
              fi
           done
        fi
    }
    
    start() {
        [ -x $nginx ] || exit 5
        [ -f $NGINX_CONF_FILE ] || exit 6
        make_dirs
        echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
        daemon $nginx -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
        retval=$?
        echo
        [ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile
        return $retval
    }
    
    stop() {
        echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
        killproc $prog -QUIT
        retval=$?
        echo
        [ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile
        return $retval
    }
    
    restart() {
        configtest || return $?
        stop
        sleep 1
        start
    }
    
    reload() {
        configtest || return $?
        echo -n $"Reloading $prog: "
        killproc $nginx -HUP
        RETVAL=$?
        echo
    }
    
    force_reload() {
        restart
    }
    
    configtest() {
      $nginx -t -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
    }
    
    rh_status() {
        status $prog
    }
    
    rh_status_q() {
        rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1
    }
    
    case "$1" in
        start)
            rh_status_q && exit 0
            $1
            ;;
        stop)
            rh_status_q || exit 0
            $1
            ;;
        restart|configtest)
            $1
            ;;
        reload)
            rh_status_q || exit 7
            $1
            ;;
        force-reload)
            force_reload
            ;;
        status)
            rh_status
            ;;
        condrestart|try-restart)
            rh_status_q || exit 0
                ;;
        *)
            echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload|configtest}"
            exit 2
    esac

    脚本来自nginx官方,地址:http://wiki.nginx.org/RedHatNginxInitScript 

    注意点:脚本标红处,需根据环境安装路径做自定义修改;

    2.修改脚本文件权限,(a+x ==> all user can execute 所有用户可执行)

    chmod a+x /etc/init.d/nginx

    3.通过以下脚本可实现对nginx服务的管理

    /etc/init.d/nginx start
    /etc/init.d/nginx stop
    /etc/init.d/nginx restart
    /etc/init.d/nginx reload
    /etc/init.d/nginx status
    4.将nginx服务加入chkconfig管理列表:
    chkconfig --add /etc/init.d/nginx

    5.设置终端模式开机启动:

    chkconfig nginx on

    6.执行完上述命令后,就可以使用service对nginx服务的管理

    service nginx start
    service nginx stop
    service nginx restart
    service nginx reload
    service nginx status

    二、设置php-fpm的开机自启动方法

    1.在/etc/init.d/目录下创建php-fpm文件

    vi /etc/init.d/php-fpm

    编写内容如下:

    #!/bin/sh  
    # chkconfig:   2345 15 95
    
    # description:  PHP-FPM (FastCGI Process Manager) is an alternative PHP FastCGI implementation 
    
    # with some additional features useful for sites of any size, especially busier sites.
    # DateTime: 2016-09-20
    
    # Source function library.  
    . /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions  
    
    # Source networking configuration.  
    . /etc/sysconfig/network  
    
    # Check that networking is up.  
    [ "$NETWORKING" = "no" ] && exit 0  
    
    phpfpm="/usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm"  
    prog=$(basename ${phpfpm})  
    
    lockfile=/var/lock/subsys/phpfpm
    
    start() {  
        [ -x ${phpfpm} ] || exit 5  
        echo -n $"Starting $prog: "  
        daemon ${phpfpm}
        retval=$?  
        echo  
        [ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile  
        return $retval  
    }  
    
    stop() {  
        echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "  
        killproc $prog -QUIT  
        retval=$?  
        echo  
        [ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile  
        return $retval  
    }  
    
    restart() {  
        configtest || return $?  
        stop  
        start  
    }  
    
    reload() {  
        configtest || return $?  
        echo -n $"Reloading $prog: "  
        killproc ${phpfpm} -HUP  
        RETVAL=$?  
        echo  
    }  
    
    force_reload() {  
        restart  
    }  
    
    configtest() {  
      ${phpfpm} -t
    }  
    
    rh_status() {  
        status $prog  
    }  
    
    rh_status_q() {  
        rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1  
    }  
    
    case "$1" in  
        start)  
            rh_status_q && exit 0  
            $1  
            ;;  
        stop)  
            rh_status_q || exit 0  
            $1  
            ;;  
        restart|configtest)  
            $1  
            ;;  
        reload)  
            rh_status_q || exit 7  
            $1  
            ;;  
        status)  
            rh_status  
            ;;  
        *)  
            echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|reload|configtest}"  
            exit 2  
    esac

    注意点:脚本标红处,需根据环境安装路径做自定义修改;

    2.修改脚本文件权限,(a+x ==> all user can execute 所有用户可执行)

    chmod a+x /etc/init.d/php-fpm

    3.通过以下脚本可实现对php-fpm服务的管理

    /etc/init.d/php-fpm start
    /etc/init.d/php-fpm stop
    /etc/init.d/php-fpm restart
    /etc/init.d/php-fpm reload
    /etc/init.d/php-fpm status
    4.将php-fpm服务加入chkconfig管理列表:
    chkconfig --add /etc/init.d/php-fpm

    5.设置终端模式开机启动:

    chkconfig php-fpm on

    6.执行完上述命令后,就可以使用service对php-fpm服务的管理

    service php-fpm start
    service php-fpm stop
    service php-fpm restart
    service php-fpm reload
    service php-fpm status
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  • 原文地址:https://www.cnblogs.com/wenzheshen/p/9996246.html
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